Chapter 13 is reorganization or consolidation bankruptcy. In Chapter 13, you make a monthly payment for 3 to 5 years and then you receive the discharge.
Chapter 13 is a bankruptcy option if you are not eligible for Chapter 7, if you are above median income and don’t pass the means test, if you own a house with non-exempt equity, have made certain transfers, or have other prior, current, or future non-exempt assets that would be sold or seized in Chapter 7, or you had a Chapter 7 within the last 8 years, or for many other reasons and objectives.
Being over the median income is not an automatic bar to filing bankruptcy. We have very extensive experience with Chapter 13 above median income debtors compared to other attorneys in Maryland.
Some forms of relief are only available in Chapter 13, such as post petition hoa debt, priority taxes, unsecured 2nd mortgages, mva and central collection unit debt etc. Chapter 13 permits the debtor time to pay priority taxes or child support arrears; allows people to catch up on mortgages; eliminates unsecured second mortgages; crams down vehicle loans, helps with student loans, keeps non-exempt assets, bifurcates liens, strips liens, among other benefits.
Chapter 13 Plans are not mechanical, so the results can be very different depending on which lawyer your choose to assist you against your creditors’ attorneys. It is extremely important to hire an attorney who is knowledgeable about bankruptcy rules in order to get the best results. The bankruptcy lawyer you hire will negotiate and litigate the terms of the 13 Plan, including the monthly payment amount, against your creditors’ attorneys. Therefore, the attorney you choose can significantly affect your bottom line.