Chapter 13 is reorganization bankruptcy. In Chapter 13, you make a consolidated monthly payment (possibly as little as 1% of unsecured, non priority debts) for 3 to 5 years and then you receive the discharge. If you are over median income and do not qualify for Chapter 7, Chapter 13 is an option.
Chapter 13 is a bankruptcy option if you are not eligible for Chapter 7 due to being above median income and not passing the means test, if you own a house with non-exempt equity, have made certain types of transfers, or have other prior, current, or future non-exempt assets that would be sold or seized in Chapter 7, or you had a Chapter 7 within the last 8 years, or for many other reasons and objectives.
Some forms of relief are only available in Chapter 13, such as post petition HOA debt, priority taxes, unsecured 2nd mortgages, MVA and Central Collection Unit debt, governmental debts, etc. Chapter 13 permits the debtor time to pay priority taxes; allows people to stop a foreclosure and catch up on mortgage arrears; may eliminate unsecured second mortgages; crams down vehicle loans, helps with student loans, keeps non-exempt assets, bifurcates liens, strips liens, among other benefits.
Chapter 13 Plans are not mechanical. The results can be different depending on which lawyer your choose to assist you against your creditors’ attorneys. Therefore using just any lawyer is strongly advised against.